Tu B’Shvat – (15th of Shevat)
The New Year of the Trees.
Sheva B’Adar – (7th of Adar)
A day considered in Jewish Tradition on which Moses was born, and also the day on which he died exactly 120 years later. His burial place is unknown. Linking Jewish present to past, modern day Israel has instituted this day as a public memorial for Israel Defense Forces soldiers who have not yet been brought to burial (the unknown soldier).
Ta’anit Esther – (13th of Adar)
The Fast of Esther is observed in some communities as a commemoratation of the three days that Esther fasted before approaching King Ahasuerus on behalf of the Jewish people. The fast is connected with Purim.
Purim - (14th of Adar)
Purim is celebrated by the reading of the Scroll of Esther, known in Hebrew as the Megillat Esther, which relates the basic story of Purim. Under the rule of King Ahashuerus, Haman, the King’s prime minister, plots to exterminate all of the Jews of Persia. His plan is foiled by Queen Esther and her uncle Mordechai, who ultimately save the Jews of the land from destruction.
Shushan Purim - (15th of Adar)
The Jews of Shushan originally observed the festival on a different day than the Jews who lived elsewhere. Whereas Jews in Shushan waged war on both the 13th and the 14th of the month, and observed the 15th as a day of festivity and rejoicing, in all other provinces the Jews waged war on the 13th and observed only the 14th as a day of festivity and rejoicing.
Ta’anit Bekhorot - (14th of Nissan)
The Fast of the Firstborn, is a fast observed by firstborn, commemorating the fact that they were saved from the plague of the firstborn in Egypt. It is observed on the day preceding Passover.
PessaH – (15th of Nissan)
It is the first of the three major festivals with historical, agricultural and spiritual significance (the other two are Shavu’ot and Sukkot). Passover represents the beginning of the harvest season in Israel, as well as the Exodus from Egypt after generations of slavery.